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Feeding

Total milk required - about 450 to 600 ml / 15 to 20 ounces a day (30-90 ml / 1-2 ounces per feed).

Feeding pattern - irregular, up to 12 feeds a day.

During week one, your main goal should be to try to get feeding established. This can be challenging because new babies need to learn what to do and will seem a bit confused and clumsy whenever they are offered a breast or a bottle.

Do feed on demand, whether breast or bottle feeding. This is important because a newborn's stomach is very small, so he needs lots of little feeds. And current thinking is not to push a newborn into a four-hour feeding pattern because he will feel hungry on this regime.

Offer your baby milk every time he cries and forget about a regular feeding pattern for the moment. If you follow your baby's demands, feeding will be erratic.

Sometimes he'll want to feed every hour, and then you might find that occasionally he’ll go for four hours without food - don't let him go longer than this as his blood sugar will drop and he'll feel too sleepy to wake up and demand food.

You'll also find that your baby will want different amounts of milk at each feed, sometimes just 30ml/one ounce, other times he may manage 90ml/three ounces.

If you're breastfeeding, you won't have any idea how much your baby is taking, but you will notice that feeds can vary in length from about five minutes to an hour.